Key to pronunciation: Welsh English

View our pronunciation model for Welsh English here.

The pronunciations given are those in use among educated urban speakers of standard English in Wales. While avoiding strongly regionally or socially marked forms, they are intended to include the most common variants for each word.

Words associated with Wales are given British and American pronunciations alongside the Welsh pronunciation(s). Where a word is associated with an additional part of the English-speaking world, further pronunciations in the appropriate global variety of English are also given.

To hear the pronunciation spoken aloud, click the blue play icon to the left of each transcription.

Note from Catherine Sangster, Head of Pronunciations, October 2020

“A small but significant number of our World English pronunciations lack audio at the moment. Audio is created by freelance actor-phoneticians working with our sound engineer in our Oxford recording studio, but for the last several months it has been unsafe for us to run these sessions. We will prioritize addressing this backlog as soon as we can safely get back into our studio.”

Vowels

Welsh English As in…
fleece, happy
ɪ kit
ɛ dress
a trap
a(ː) bath
palm, start
ɔ lot, cloth
ɔː north, force, thouɡht
boar
ə cup, letter, ago
ʊ foot
œː nurse
goose
here
ɛː square
(ɪ)uwə cure
ɪu Tuesday
face
ei stay
ai pride
au mouth
goat
ou snow
ɔi choice

Consonants

  As in…
b big /bɪɡ/
d dig /dɪɡ/
jet /dʒɛt/
ð then /ðɛn/
f fig /fɪɡ/
ɡ get /ɡɛt/
h head /hɛd/
j yes /jɛs/
k kit /kɪt/
l leg /lɛɡ/
ɬ rhyngyll /ˈrɪŋːɡɪɬ/
m mud /məd/
n net /nɛt/
ŋ thing /θɪŋ/
p pit /pɪt/
r red /rɛd/
s sit /sɪt/
ʃ ship /ʃɪp/
t tip /tɪp/
chip /tʃɪp/
θ thin /θɪn/
v vet /vɛt/
w win /wɪn/
x lech /lɛx/
z zip /zɪp/
ʒ vision /ˈvɪʒən/

Welsh English has a ‘doubling’ of consonant lengths in the middle of words after stressed vowels, resulting in pronunciations such as jetty /ˈdʒɛtːiː/.

After a vowel, Welsh English only has /r/ when it is also followed by a vowel, e.g. mar /maː/ but marring /ˈmaːrɪŋ/. Some words of Welsh language origin may be exceptions to this rule, and word-final /r/ after a consonant is also possible, as in amobr.

Stress

The symbol ˈ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with primary stress. The symbol ˌ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with secondary stress. The symbol ˈˌ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable may be pronounced with either primary or secondary stress.