Key to pronunciation: Manx English
View the Manx English pronunciation model here.
The pronunciations given are those in use among educated urban speakers of standard English in the Isle of Man. While avoiding strongly regionally or socially marked forms, they are intended to include the most common variants for each word.
Words associated with the Isle of Man are given British and American pronunciations alongside the Manx pronunciation(s). Where a word is associated with an additional part of the English-speaking world, further pronunciations in the appropriate global variety of English are also given.
To hear the pronunciation spoken aloud, click the blue play icon to the left of each transcription.
Note from Catherine Sangster, Head of Pronunciations
“A number of our World English pronunciations lack audio at present. We create our audio with freelance actor-phoneticians in our Oxford recording studio, but since spring 2020 it has been unsafe for us to run these sessions. We are working on addressing this backlog as soon as we can do so safely.”
|Manx English||As in…|
|ɑː, aː||palm, start|
|ɔː||north, force, thouɡht|
Word-final consonant clusters /nt, ld, lt, st, lv, nt, ft/ are often reduced to the first element in Manx English.
Quite a strongly noticeable feature of Manx English is that the consonants l, m, and n can take on the function of a vowel in some unstressed syllables, as in gibbin (/ˈɡɪbn/). It should generally be clear when this interpretation is intended, but in cases of potential ambiguity, the consonant symbol may appear with a diacritic, as in the British and U.S. pronunciations.
After a vowel, Manx English only has /r/ when it is also followed by a vowel, e.g. fur /fɜː/ but furry /ˈfɜːri/.
The symbol ˈ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with primary stress. The symbol ˌ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with secondary stress. The symbol ˈˌ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable may be pronounced with either primary or secondary stress.