Key to pronunciation: Bermudian English

View the pronunciation model for Bermudian English here.

The pronunciations given are those in use among speakers of standard English in Bermuda. While avoiding strongly regionally or socially marked forms, they are intended to include the most common variants for each word.

Words associated with Bermuda are given British and American pronunciations alongside the Bermudian pronunciation(s). Where a word is associated with an additional part of the English-speaking world, further pronunciations in the appropriate global variety of English are also given.

To hear the pronunciation spoken aloud, click the blue play icon to the left of each transcription.

Note from Catherine Sangster, Head of Pronunciations

“A small but significant number of our World English pronunciations lack audio at the moment. Audio is created by freelance actor-phoneticians working with our sound engineer in our Oxford recording studio, but for the last several months it has been unsafe for us to run these sessions. We will prioritize addressing this backlog as soon as we can safely get back into our studio.”

Vowels

Bermudian EnglishAs in…
ifleece, happy
iː, ɪjəbig
ɪkit
ɪːseed
edress
ɛə, ejəbread
ɛjəbag
ɛ(j)əbad
ætrap, dress
bath, start
ɑlot
ɑːbath, palm, loud
ɑː(r)start
ɒ, ʌcup
ɔː, ɔəcloth, thought, cure
ʊəcloth, thought, cure, force
ɔː(r), ɔː(r)north, force
əletter, ago
ʊfoot
ʉgoose
here
ɜəsquare
ɜrsquare, nurse, here
eː(ɪ)face
ɑːɪ, ɒɪpride
ʌɪprice
ʌʉmouth
əʊgoat
ɵːgoat, road
əːroad
ɔɪchoice

/ᵻ/ in the Bermudian English pronunciations represents free variation between /ɪ/ and /ə/

Consonants

Bermudian EnglishAs in…
bbig /biːɡ/, /bɪjəɡ/
βwit /βɪt/
ddig /diːɡ/, /dɪjəɡ/
jet /dʒæt/, /dʒet/
ðbrother /ˈbrɒðə/, /ˈbrʌðə/
ffig /fiːɡ/
ɡget /ɡæt/, /ɡet/
hhead /hɛəd/, /hejəd/
(h)wwhich /(h)wɪtʃ/
jyes /jæs/, /jes/
kkit /kɪt/
lleg /leɡ/, /lɛjəɡ/
mmud /mɒd/, /mʌd/
nnet /næt/, /net/
ŋthing /θɪŋ/
ppit /pɪt/
rred /rɛəd/, /rejəd/
ssit /sɪt/
ʃship /ʃɪp/
ttip /tɪp/
chip /tʃɪp/
θthin /θɪn/
vbathe /beː(ɪ)v/
zzip /zɪp/
ʒvision /ˈvɪʒən/

The consonants /l/, /m/, /n/, and /ŋ/ can take on the function of a vowel in some unstressed syllables. It should generally be clear when this interpretation is intended, but in cases of potential ambiguity, the consonant symbol may appear with a diacritic, as in the British and U.S. pronunciations.

Stress

The symbol ˈ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with primary stress. The symbol ˌ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with secondary stress. The symbol ˈˌ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable may be pronounced with either primary or secondary stress.