Staff of the OED
Here, you can find a list of all the staff and contributors to each edition of the OED.
Current staff of the OED
Head of Language Content: Clifford Sofield
Chief Editor: Michael Proffitt
Deputy Chief Editors: Philip Durkin, Edmund Weiner
Editorial Content Director: Graeme Diamond
Product Manager, Oxford Languages: Elinor Hawkes
Strategic lexical projects
David Martin (SLP Functional Lead)
Ashleigh Alderslade, Tressy Arts, Charlotte Buxton, Emma Davies, Danica Salazar, Angus Stevenson, Kate Wild
Eleanor Maier (Revision Functional Lead)
Andrew Ball, Matthew Bladen, Jonathan Dent, Kirsty Dunbar, Denny Hilton, Rosamund Ions, Megan Lea, Fiona Mooring, Aliki Pantos, Jennie Price, Molly Richards, Jeffrey Sherwood, Christine Somerville, Heather Stone, Tania Styles, Amanda Thomas
Emma Lenz (Science Functional Lead)
Ruth Arstall, David Banks, Cathy Bowden, Sara Kirkham, Danuta Padley, Patricia Stewart, Mike Timpany
Freelance/temporary: Carolyn Bedwell, Jeremy Marshall, Bill Trumble
Craig Leyland (New Words Functional Lead)
Jessie Fry, Emily Gray, Clive Holt, Sarah Hutchinson, Jennifer Hurd, Jane Johnson, Lisa Johnston, Judi Lancashire, Fiona McPherson, Bernadette Paton, Chris Spathis
Philip Durkin (Etymology Functional Head)
Anthony Esposito, Andreas Gröger, Inge Milfull, Samantha Schad, Lucy Stone, Tania Styles, Katrin Thier, Nicolay Yakovlev
Freelance/temporary: Sally Couper
Lynne Doy (Bibliography Functional Lead)
Rachel Adams, Meraud Ferguson Hand, Catherine Henstridge, Joanna Wrigley
Freelance/temporary: Phil Gerrish, Gill Walker
Editorial research (general)
Phoebe Nicholson (Research Functional Lead)
Velemir Andreev, Claire Etty, Matthew McCall, James Misson, Ursula Steele, Kate Tadman-Mourby
Freelance: Giles Goodland, Rosie Hall, Katharine Handel, Christian Munk, Ellie Stedall, Alastair Ward
Catherine Sangster (Head of Pronunciations)
Freelance: Matthew Moreland
Freelance/temporary: Richard Beatty, Jon Danziger, Mark Davies, Jillian Dudman, Jane Garry, Lavinia Griffiths, Lucy Hall, David Karunanithy, Joshua Pendragon, Nigel Ramsay, Christel Schmidt, Jon Simon, Katherine Stott, Gian Svennevig, Nicholas Tussing, Richard Ward
Graeme Diamond, Peter Gilliver, Edmund Weiner
Claire Etty (Historical Reading Programme), Mike Timpany (Science Reading Programme), Tania Styles (Specialist Reading Programme), Jessie Fry (North American Reading Programme), Emily Gray (UK Reading Programme)
Freelance/temporary: Colin Bagnall, John Birchall, Charles Deodene, John Healey, Gian Svennevig, Joy Winnington
Data management and publication
Nick Cross (Head of Data Specialists)
Mike Kondrashyn (Language Data Development Manager)
Liz Ashdowne, Nilanjana Banerji, Robin Brooks, Chelsea Brown, James McCracken, Bill Coumbe, Tim Elks, Imogen Foxell, Meritxell González, Owen Goodyear, Frank Keenan, Eirini Kouvara, Isaac Pattis, Tim Teasdale
Data capture and fixing
Rachel Adams, Judi Lancashire, Pam Marjara
Freelance/temporary: Colin Bagnall, John Birchall, Eleanor Niblett, Nathalie Wourm
Andy Allen, Simone Bichara-Desecki, Benedetta Giordani, Jo Oughtred, Georgia Stride
Anna Silva, Amy Stewart
Planning and administration
Marie-Claire Holmes (Assistant to Dictionaries Director)
Ursula Steele, Esha Dhanesh Volvoikar
Freelance/temporary: Gill Walker
Consultants, advisers, and contributors
Professor Christopher Butler (chair)
Professor Jean Aitchison
Professor Anna Morpurgo Davies, DBE
Professor Eric Stanley
Professor Gabriele Stein
The Editors are indebted to the following for specialist advice on aspects of entries in the New Edition and the three Additions volumes.
Professor Bas Aarts, Professor Flor Aarts, Mr K. T. Achaya, Dr Sander Adelaar, Professor William Adelaar, Dr Tim Adye, Dr Jeannette Allsopp, Professor Anders Ahlqvist, Professor Alexandra Aikhenvald, Professor Malcolm Airs, Dr Robert Allen, Professor Richard Allsopp, Dr Stanley Alpern, Dr Helga Anetshofer, Miss Janet Arnold, Dr Richard Ashdowne, Professor Milton Azevedo.
Professor Emmon Bach, Professor John Baines, Dr Nick Baines, Dr Philip Baker, Mr D. Ballantyne, Professor Ayo Bamgbose, Ms Katherine Barber, Mr Don Barclay, Professor Michael Barnes, Mr Robert Barnhart, Dr David Barrett, Mrs Priscilla Bawcutt, Mr Paul Beale, Dr Philip Beckett, Mr Ian Beestin, Dr Aicha Belkadi, Professor Paola Beninca, Professor Jim Bennett, Dr Robert Bennett, Dr Henry Bennet-Clark, Professor Michael Benton, Ms Donna Lee Berg, Professor George Bergman, Mr Jonathan Betts, Mr Jeff Betz, Dr Michele Bianconi, Mr Ilker Evrim Binbas, Mr Alex Bisset, Dr Jeremy Black, Professor John Black, Professor Robert Black QC, Dr Mark Blackburn, Mr Howard Blackmore, Mr Claude Blair, Dr Barry Blake, Dr Jean-Alain Blanchon, Dr Fozia Bora, Mr Willem Botha, Mr Ron Bowater, Mr Richard Boyle, Dr Saville Bradbury, Professor David Bradley, Dr Paul Brand, Dr Jean Branford, Professor William Branford, Dr Andrew Breeze, Professor Rolf H. Bremmer Jr, Professor Matthias Brenzinger, Dr Derek Britton, Dr Sebastian Brock, Professor George Broderick, Dr Christopher Brooke, Professor John Brooke, Professor Dominic Brookshaw, Dr Clare Browne, Dr Jonathan Brown, Mr Robert Bruce, Dr Martin Bryce, Dr Robert Burchfield, Professor Charles Burnett, Mr Peter Burnett, Professor David Burnley, Dr Colin Burrow, Mr Tony Burton.
Professor Michael Cable, Professor Robert Cahn, Pauline Cairns Speitel, Dr John Caldwell, Professor Ronan Calvez, Dr Richard Cammack, Ms Marion Campbell, Dr Carlos Canosa-Mas, Dr Alessandro Carlucci, Mr Andrew Carr, Dr Lawrence Carrington, Dr John Carson, Dr Nicoletta Casagrande, Professor Frederic Cassidy, Professor Victor Castellani, Dr R. Cerron Palomino, Mr Emmanuel Chabata, Dr Clive Cheesman, Professor H. Samuel Cheung, Mr Michael Chrimes, Professor Ian Christie, Dr James Clackson, Dr Marie Clague, Mr David Clark, Dr Mike Clark, Dr Helen Clifford, Mr Nigel Clifford, Professor Eric Clive, Dr Frank Close, Dr Victor Clube, Dr Mike Clugston, Professor Michael Coe, Professor I. Bernard Cohen, Dr Julie Coleman, Glenys Collard, Sir Howard Colvin, Dr Stephen Colvin, Dr John Considine, Dr Barrie Cook, Ms Marie-Hélène Corréard, Dr Marilyn Corrie, Mr John Cottis, Dr J. Coulton, Mrs Linda Covill, Mr Mike Cowlishaw, Mrs Nancy Cox, Dr David Cram, Mr Neil Crawford, Mr Arthur Credland, Dr Stephen Cretney, Mr Maurice Crewe, Dr Joe Cribb, Dr Quentin Cronk, Dr Paul Cullen.
Dr David Dalby, Dr Richard Dance, Mr J. Dauncy, Professor Herbert David, Mr Alan Davidson, Ms Hilary Davidson, Dr J. H. C. S. Davidson, Dr Chris Davies, Dr Christopher Day, Dr Karl Dayson, Dr Trevor Dean, Professor Allen G. Debus, Dr Yorgos Dedes, Dr Dennis Deletant, Professor Bardhyl Demiraj, Professor David Denison, Dr Paul Dennis, Dr Anthony Deverson, Professor Bernhard Diensberg, Dr Anthony Diller, Professor Gerrit Dimmendaal, Dr Alexander Drace-Francis, Professor Philip Drazin, Professor Glen Dudbridge, Mr Mark Dunn, Dr Michael Dunn, Professor David J. Dwyer.
Professor R. S. Edgecombe, Professor Jerold A. Edmondson, Dr Frederick Emmison, Mr Donovan Evans, Mrs Kati Evans, Professor Stephen Evans.
Professor Jeanne Fahnestock, Dr Patricia Fara, Dr Douglas Farnie, Dr Margery Fee, Professor Peter Fellgett, Dr Julia Flanders, Mr Michael Fleming, Dr Christopher Foot, Dr John Forrest, Dr Cliff Forshaw, Dr David Fowler, Mr P. J. L. Frankl, Mr Harvey Freilich, Mr Douglas Freund, Professor Graham Furniss.
Mr Walter Gale, Bryan Garner, Dr Stathis Gauntlett, Dr Paul Geraghty, Dr Andreas Giazitzoglu, Mr Charlie Gillett, Professor William Gillies, Professor Owen Gingerich, Dr Peter Glare, Mr Alan Glover, Professor Ives Goddard, Professor Manfred Görlach, Professor Charles Goodhart, Mr Rody Gorman, Dr Chris Gosden, Mr Benjamin du Plessis Goslin, Dr John Gould, Mr Derek Gowlett, Mr John Graham, Professor Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Mr Christopher Gravett, Mr Jonathon Green, Mr Daniel Greenberg, Dr Mark Griffith, Mr Michael Grose, Dr David Grylls, Professor Paul Gunashekar, Dr Anthea Gupta, Professor Dr Ulrike Gut, Mr Dominic Gwynn.
Professor Wilfrid Haacke, Mr Aidan Haile, Dr Joan Hall, Dr Roland Hall, Dr Rosemary Hall, Dr Simon Hall, Professor Ian Hancock, Dr Philip Hardie, Mr David Harley, Professor Jón Axel Harðarson, Duncan Harrington, Mrs Jessica Harrison, Mr Alan Hartley, Mr Andrew Hawke, Dr Katrina Hayward, Professor Antonette diPaolo Healey, Professor John Healey, Professor Donna Heddle, Professor Bernd Heine, Professor Dr Harald Helfgott, Mr Stephen Herbert, Dr Andrew Herd, Professor Edmund Herzig, Professor B. George Hewitt, Dr M. T. Heydeman, Professor Raymond Hickey, Revd Dr Richard Hills, Dr Rhisiart Hincks, Mr Terry Hoad, Dr Peter Hoare, Dr Fred Hocker, Professor Wilfrid A. Hodges, Mr Richard Holden, Miss Rachel Holdforth, Dr Joan Holland, Mrs Deborah Honoré, Professor Simon Hopkins, Dr Simon Horobin, Dr James Howard-Johnson, Dr David Howlett, Dr Michael Hoy MBE, Mr Giles Hudson, Dr Tony Hunt, Mrs Ann Hyland.
Dr David Ibbetson, Dr Joanna Innes, Mr Michael Inwood, Dr Bebwa Isingoma.
Professor Philip J. Jaggar, Dr Frank James, Mr Philip Jarrett, Dr Dorothy Jauncey, Dr Lisa Jefferson, Professor John Jenkins, Dr Stephen Johnston, Dr Penelope Johnstone, Dr Malcolm Jones, Melissa Lynn Jones, Mr Nicholas Jones, Dr Russell Jones, Anna Judson.
Dr Georgy Kantor, Professor Dieter Kastovsky, Dr Maurice Keen, Mr Peter Kemp, Dr Tom Kemp, Professor Wilfrid Kendall, Professor Graeme Kennedy, Professor Randall Kennedy, Mr John Kenyon, Ms Hilary Kent, Professor Eric Kerridge, Dr Simon Keynes, Professor Geoffrey Khan, Dr Jieun Kiaer, Dr Matthew Kilburn, Professor Dermot Killingley, Joe-Eun Kim, Dr Helen King, Professor Noel Kinnamon, Professor Alan Kirkness, Professor William Kirwin, Professor Harriet Klein, Dr Paul Klenerman, Dr Alwin Kloekhorst, Professor David Knight, Professor Roger Knight, Professor K. Koike, Professor William Kretzschmar, Dr Petek Kurtböke.
Dr Ann Lackie, Dr Meg Laing, Professor Barbara Lalla, Dr R. Lambourne, Professor Ian Lancashire, Professor David Langslow, Professor Roger Lass, Professor J. Derek Latham, Edward Lavitt, Dr Amanda Laugesen, Professor Joshua Lederberg, Professor John Leech, Dr Elisabeth Leedham-Green, Professor Giulio Lepschy, Dr Michael Lesk, Professor Geoffrey Lewis, Dr James Lewis, Mr Waldo Lewis, Dr Lisa Lim, Dr Peter Lipton, Dr T. W. A. Little, Dr Susan Llewelyn, Professor W. B. Lockwood, Dr Harry Logan, Dr Rodriguez Louro, Dr Andrew Louth, Dr Mafika Lubisi, Professor Paul Luna, Dr Tom Lundskær-Nielsen.
Dr Caroline Macafee, Dr John Macalister, Professor Robert McColl Millar, Professor Diarmaid MacCulloch, Professor José Barbosa Machado, Professor Peter Mackridge, Dr A. M. MacLean, Professor Ian Maclean, Ms Iseabail Macleod, Mr Michael Mac Mahon, Professor Mike MacMahon, Professor Hector MacQueen, Revd Tim Macquiban, Mr R. B. Madge, Dr Terry Mahoney, Professor Martin Maiden, Dr L. Malakhovski, Professor Alexis Manaster Ramer, Professor Cyril Mango, Mr Michael Mann, Ms Dorothea Mantzel, Dr Angela Marcantonio, Mr Mareme, Dr Francis Marriott, Professor John Marriott, Dr Brian Marsden, Mr John Marson, Dr Lutz Marten, Mr John Martin Robinson, Dr Yaron Matras, Professor P. Matthews, Dr Anki Mattisson, Professor Ernst Mayr, Mr J. McAleer, Professor Peter McClure, Dr R. McGregor, Dr Ian McLean, Professor Hew McLeod, Dr Frances McSparran, Mr Andrew Meadows, Professor Christiane Meierkord, Dr Torsten Meissner, Dr Ronny Meyer, Dr Luisa Miceli, Dr Sarah Milliken, Dr D. W. Minter, Dr Alice Mitchell, Dr Charles Mitchell, Mrs Jacqueline Mitton, Dr Simon Mitton, Mr Winston Mohapi, Professor Frankwalt Möhren, Professor Fons Moerdijk, Professor Jerry Mojalefa, Mr Jeremy Montagu, Dr Marijke Mooijaart, Dr Bruce Moore, Dr Kenneth Morgan, Robert Moriarty, Professor Anna Morpurgo Davies, Dr Jonathan Morris, Mr Alexander Morton, Dr Adam Mosley, Mr James Mosley, Dr David Murison, Dr Klaus Johan Myrvoll.
Dr Paul Nash, Dr Daisy Neijmann, Professor Peter Neumann, Dr C. Nic Phaidin, Professor John North, Ms Susan North, Professor Vivian Nutton.
Professor Samuel Obeng, Professor C. O Dochartaigh, Dr Heather O’Donoghue, Ms Sarah Ogilvie, Professor Roibeard Ó Maolalaigh, Mrs Iona Opie, Mr Gerard O’Reilly, Dr Harry Orsman, Dr Sandra Ott, Dr James Overduin, Professor Emerita Gale Owen Crocker, Mr Geoffrey Oxley.
Dr Oliver Padel, Dr Manuel Padilla-Moyano, Professor Robin Palmer, Dr Costas Panayotakis, Professor Malcolm Parkes, Mr David Parkinson, Dr Stephen Parkinson, Mr David Parlett, Dr David Parsons, Professor Andrew Pawley, Dr Robin Payne, Mr Mark Pearson, Professor Matthew Pearson, Dr David Pelteret, Mr Joshua Pendragon, Dr Robert Penhallurick, Mr David Penn, Dr John Penney, Professor Christopher Perrins, Dr Anna Philpott, Professor W. J. J. Pijnenburg, Sir Edward Playfair, Mr Graham Pointon, Dr Velma Pollard, Ms Jo Poke, Mr Barry Popik, Dr Anne Popkema, Professor Rebecca Posner, Professor Ian Press, Dr John Price-Wilkin, Professor Daan Prinsloo, Dr Michael Pritchard, Dr Tijmen Pronk.
Mr Michael Quinion.
Professor Edith Raidt, Dr Charles Ramble, Dr William Ramson, Dr Charles Randriamasimanana, Mr Andrew Rappaport, Mr Chris Ravilious, Dr Darrell Raymond, Mr Lloyd Readhead, Professor Phil Redmond, Dr Gertrude Reershemius, Mr Laurie Reid, Dr Chris Reynolds, Dr Frances Reynolds, Ms Vivienne Richardson, Professor R. H. Robins, Dr Christine Robinson, Dr Frank Robinson, Dr James Robinson, Mrs Mairi Robinson, Dr Stuart Robson, Professor Derek Roe, Professor Gary Rosenberg, Dr Harold Rosenberg, Professor Jerry Rosenberg, Mrs Penelope Ruddock, Dr Paul Russell.
Captain Tony Sainsbury, Professor Pekka Sammallahti, Dr Bertil Sandahl, Ms Nikki Santilli, Professor Sizwe Satyo, Dr Raymond Scheindlin, Roger Lea Scherer, Professor Emeritus Josef Schmied, Professor Philip Schofield, Dr Richard Scholar, Dr Tanneke Schoonheim, Dr Martina Schultz, Mr D. L. F. Sealy, Divyanshi Shaktawat, Mr Fred Shapiro, Dr Sarah Shaw, Dr Andrew Sherratt, Dr Jiyoung Shin, Professor Graham Shorrocks, Professor Ian Short, Mr David Shulman, Mrs Penny Silva, Professor Nicholas Sims-Williams, Mrs Pauline Simpson, Professor Paul Slack, Dr Sarah Slaney, Dr Peter Smith, Anne Smyth, Dr David Smyth, Mr D. Smythe, Dr Norman Solomon, Professor Peter Spargo, Mrs Erika Speel, Dr Jonathan Spencer, Mr Robert Spencer, Mrs Isabelle Stables, Mr Michael Stammers, Professor Ilan Stavans, Dr Sol Steinmetz, Dr Patrick Stiles, Dr Ines Stolpe, Dr Gerald Stone, Professor Hew Strachan, Dr Chris Stray, Dr S. S. Strickland, Revd Canon Vincent Strudwick, Professor Frits Stuurman, Dr Jackson Sun, Professor Stuart Sutherland, Ms Julia Swannell, Dr Louise Sylvester.
Professor Sali Tagliamonte, Dr Alice-Mary Talbot, Professor Tao Jie, Dr Roger Teichmann, Mr Julian Temple, Professor Barend Ter Haar, Professor Rolf Theil, Dr Geoffrey Thomas, Dr Simon Thurley, Dr Kate Tiller, Professor Robert Tombs, Professor Mauro Tosco, Dr Vanessa Toulmin, Dr Larry Trask, Professor Susan Treggiari, Professor Guenter Treitel, Professor David Trotter, Mr Jack Tsen-Ta Lee, Mr Kọ́lá Túbọ̀sún, Dr Elizabeth Tucker, Dr Erdine-Ochir Tumen-Ochir, Dr Stephen Tyre.
Mr Kingsley Ugwuanyi, Dr Clive Upton, Professor James Urmson.
Dr Riitta Valijarvi, Professor T. G. Vallance, Professor Dr George van Driem, Professor Andrejs Veisbergs, Professor Dr Alejandra Vidal, Professor Lars Vikør, Dr Sophia Voutsaki, Dr Valentin Vydrine.
Mr John Wagstaff, Mr Adrian Walker, Dr Donald Walker, Mr Kevin Walsh, Lord Walton of Detchant, Mr Peter Ward-Jones, Professor Nicholas Warren, Mr Matt Warshaw, Dr Justin Watkins, Dr Aaron Watson, Dr Doreen Waugh, Dr Michael Weitzmann, Mr Chris Wells, Dr Max Wheeler, Professor Derek Whiteside, Mr Ken Whyld, Mr Simon Wickham-Smith, Professor John Widdowson, Professor David Wiggins, Professor Maurice Wilkes, Dr Matthew Williams, Dr Richard Williams, Professor Hugh Williamson, Professor Kay Williamson, Dr Keith Williamson, Ms Anne Wilson, Mr Tim Wilson, Professor Lise Winer, Professor Michael Winterbottom, Ms Jill Wolvaardt, Professor Geoffrey Wood, Ms Sarah Woodcock, Mr Thomas Woodcock, Dr G. J. M. Woodrow, Mrs Hazel Wright, Professor J. Clifford Wright, Dr Ruth Wynne-Davies.
Dr Jason Zerdin, Dr David Zorc, Dr Ghil`ad Zuckermann, Dr Leonard Zwilling.
Other advisers and contributors
The Editors are also indebted to the many others who have contributed information on particular entries in the Dictionary; also to the staff of the libraries, especially the Bodleian Library (Oxford), the British Library (London), the Library of Congress (Washington), and the New York Public Library, who have unfailingly treated the Dictionary’s requests for information and assistance with courtesy and dispatch.
We are indebted to Professor Isamu Hayakawa for his research and publications on the history and usage of Japanese words borrowed into English.
In addition, the staff of many dictionary projects and other research organizations have generously made available to the OED unpublished material and invaluable advice, especially:
The Anglo-Norman Dictionary (ed. Professor William Rothwell and Professor David Trotter)
The Australian National Dictionary Centre, Canberra
The Dictionary of American Regional English (ed. Frederic Cassidy)
The Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage (ed. Richard Allsopp)
The Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources (ed. David Howlett), Oxford
The Dictionary of Old English (ed. Antonette diPaolo Healey), Toronto
The Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (ed. H. D. Watson et al.)
The Dictionary Unit for South African English, Grahamstown
The Historical Dictionary of American Slang (ed. Jonathan Lighter)
The Middle English Dictionary (ed. Robert Lewis et al.), Ann Arbor, Michigan
The New Zealand Dictionary Unit, Wellington
The Scottish Language Dictionaries, Edinburgh
The Scottish National Dictionary (ed. William Grant and David D. Murison)
Other organizations which have played a significant part in the work include the Brown Women Writers Project (Brown University), the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (especially Professor Richard Bailey and Professor Francis Blouin), the Lexicons of Early Modern English project (formerly Early Modern English Dictionaries Database) at the University of Toronto, the Manx National Heritage Library & Archives, and the Special Collections Research Center at the University of Chicago Library. The editors would like to thank Mr James Wyllie for presenting a collection of dictionary materials belonging to his father, former OED staff editor James McLeod Wyllie, for the OED’s use.
Former staff of the OED since 1989
Project Directors: Timothy Benbow, Robert Faber, Ewen Fletcher, Martin Richardson, Penny Silva
Editorial Director of Dictionaries: Judy Pearsall
John Simpson (Chief Editor)
Emily Hoyland (Product Manager, Oxford Languages)
Gill Evans, Sarah Williams, Tania Young (Principal Editors)
Catherine Bailey, Sue Baines, Eoin Bates, Jemma Best, Edith Bonner, Bess Bradfield, Lesley Brown, Katherine Connor Martin, Kelvin Corlett, Judith Craft, Olivia Duncan, Juliet Field, Jason Finch, Mathew Fletcher, Tom Flynn, Radhika Ganesh, Peter Gibbard, Jane Griffiths, Helen Harvey, Kirstin Hayman, Richard Holden, Georgia Hole, Alan Hughes, Jillian Kearney, Katy Knight, Elizabeth Knowles, Jeremy Marshall, Duncan McAngus, Madeline McDonnell, Paula Neudorf, Eleanor Niblett, Benjamin Norris, Sarah Ogilvie, Gerard O’Reilly, Richard Palmer, Judy Pearsall, Paddy Phillips, Jonjo Roberts, Jan-Yves Ruzicka, Clare Senior, Richard Shapiro, Nick Shearing, Jesse Sheidlower, David Shirt, Ellie Stedall, Alex Steer, Angus Stevenson, Robert Sykes, Freda Thornton, Bill Trumble, Tabitha Tuckett, Joanna Tulloch, Andrew Watson, Jamie Whitehead, Abigail Zitin
Christopher Bailey, John Birchall, Vahni Capildeo, John Considine, Sally Couper, Neil Fulton, Simon Hunt, Marcella McCarthy, Margaret Scott
Freelance/temporary (research): Mark Atherton, Antonia Barke, Brad Bedingfield, Pietro Bortone, Alison Campbell, Raymond Edwards, Luis Gomes, Gail Hemming, Kirstin Kennedy, Marion Lupu, Tamar Nelson, Artan Përnaska, Laura Pinnavaia, Tim Reid, Louise Rosen, Sophie Rowlatt, Martin Sindelar, Elizabeth Turek, Anna Wallin-Ashcroft, Simon Wickham-Smith, Dick Wortel, Jason Zerdin
Laura Ellis, Meraud Ferguson Hand, Phil Gerrish, Veronica Hurst, John Paterson, Kay Pepler
Freelance/temporary: Melissa Abbots, Tom Adair, Brigid Allen, Mark Allen, Tamara Atkin, Gillian Austen, Karen Baston, Ralph Bates, Emma-Louise Case, Jocelyn Catty, Hilary Clare, Andrea Cobern, Simon Collery, Valerie Cooper, Laura Dawkins, Catherine Dille, Mark Dinnage, Ralph Evans, Meraud Ferguson Hand, Patrick Flanery, Jack Flavell, Paul Gibbard, Gill Gilbert, Ailsa Grant Ferguson, Helen Gyde, Lucy Hall, Christopher Hughes, Bryn James, David James, Sally Jenkins, Peter Jones, Gordon Keable, Karen Kiessling, Eleri Larkum, Lesley Lawson, Robert Lindsey, Elizabeth Lock, Julian Lock, Clare Loughlin, Anne McConnell, Helen Marriage, William May, Margaret McKay, Christopher Monaghan, Brian Morgan, Timothy Morton, Graham Nicholls, Katharine Parsons, Charlotte Pattullo, Richard Ramage, Abigail Reynolds, Shannon Russell, Lena Saleh, Alex Scrimgeour, Victoria Staveley, Ruth Sternglantz, Vassilis Vavoulis, April Warman, Robert White, Abigail Williams, James Wright
Abigail Gibbs, Katharine Handel, Giles Goodland, Mia Gaudern, Owen Goodyear, Matt Kohl, Christian Munk, Beth Tovey, Alastair Ward
Freelance/temporary: Evadne Adrian-Vallance, Lucy Atkins, Emma Back, Alexandra Barratt, Hannah Betts, Paromita Chakravarti, Ruth Clayton, Dominic Corbett, Benjamin Daigle, Robert Daly, Suzanne English, Jamie Findlay, Ruth Anne French-Hodson, Imogen Foxell, Abigail Gibbs, Janet Gough, Patricia Greene, Bryn Harris, Rachel Hiley, Hannah Hirst-Dunton, Robert Hughes, Russell Inglis, David James, Keith Jebb, Peter Jenkins, Carolina Johnson, Jonathan Jones, Andy King, Heloise King, Alexis Lansbury, Sarah Laseke, Barbara Levick, Elizabeth Lowry, Chenoa Marquis, Jessica Mautner, Jennifer McGowan, Brian McKenna, Alistair Melville-Smith, Paul Messerschmidt, James Misson, Mary Murray, Adam Paton, Meriel Patrick, Eric Peyton, Janet Phillips, Paddy Phillips, Joseph Pizza, Emma Plaskitt, Hania Porucznik, Richard Power, Murray Pratt, Rob Pursey, Daniel Reeve, Alistair Ricketts, Ian Shiels, Nicola Smyth, Catherine Soanes, Andrew Strachan, Jonathan Styles, Rebecca Sudworth, Rachel Sullivan, Peter Sweasey, Kate Taylor, Susan Vickers, Katharine Weale, Barbara Whitfield, Edward Wilson
Freelance/temporary: Ben Molineaux
Melinda Babcock, George Chowdharay-Best, Valerie Gorman, David Karunanithy, Sarah Mann, Jon Simon, Pamela Wagner
Freelance/temporary: Nancy Balz, David Banks, Julie Bowdler, Lori Bronars, Jane Brownlow, Carlos Cañosa-Mas, Richard Carpenter, Melissa Conway, Billy Cook, Sharon Cure, Margaret Davies, Rita Dockery, Julia Esplen, Margery Fee, Ken Feinstein, Alison Fincher, Abigail Gibbs, Daphne Gilbert-Carter, Patricia Greene, Dorothy Hanks, Susan Hines, Gigi Horsfield, Alix Jackson, Shari Jacobson, Rita Keckeissen, Fleur Kinson, Inga Kroener, Patricia Moore, Rosemary Morlin, Adriana Orr, Alice Stainer, Clare Taylor, Patrick Vasey, Adriana Younskevicius
Jeffery Triggs (Director, North American Reading Program)
Patricia Stewart (Science Reading Programme Manager)
Freelance/temporary: Debra Argosy, Pat Back, Pat Baker, Joan Barker, Valerie Bate, Janet Begnoche, Cathy Bowden, Chris Brown, Sylvia Brown, Carl Buckley, Victoria Burke, Lauren Busciglio, Liz Byrne, Alda Caparrelli, Suzanne Carthy, Ruth Chitty, Martin Coleman, Chris Collier, P. C. Collier, Joanna Dales, Richard Dance, Alexandra Dawson, Catherine De’Freitas, Charles Deodene, Katheryn Doran, Mathew Englander, Stephen Eyre, Emma Fontanella, Noel Marie Gaeta, Marybeth Geanious, Cosima Gillhammer, Alesia Goginsky, Daria Goginsky, A. G. Gordon, Tanya Gray, Rupert Griffin, Chris Grimshaw, Philip Hallard, David Harley, Joan Harries, Alan Hartley, John Healey, Susan Hill, Joanne Hindman, Philip Hine, Bronac Holden, Jane Hollebon, Amanda Holton, Stijn Hoppenbrouwers, Victoria Jansen, Edward Janusz, John Kelly, Daria Kelly-Uhlig, Anna Kirby, Manda Levin, Andrew Lintern-Ball, Amanda Lyon, Adam Marshall, Amy Martin, Ruth Mateer, Sarah Mawditt, Alexander McIntyre, Nicole Miller, Ann Miner, Scott Morrison, Andrea Nagy, Jennie Neary, Mary O’Donnell, J. Onoszko, Vivienne Painting, Sara Pennell, Sir Edward Playfair, Rebecca Pressman, Michael Quinion, Gillian Rathbone, Merle Read, Stephen Redenbaugh, Vivien Redman, Susan Rennie, Alex Robinson, David Rode, Allan Rostron, Jacque Russom, Penny Sarchet, Johanna Schneider, Jane Sellman, Ammon Shea, Kathy Shock, David Shulman, Jean Shuttleworth, Melissa Smith, C. J. Spittall, Trish Stableford, Marcy Stamper, Matthew Steggle, Susan Surova, Helen Triggs, Sara Triggs, Jenny Vince, Maeve Walsh, Jenny Weston, Peter Wexler, Mary White, Lorraine Whiting, Helen Wilkinson, Jelly Williams, Joy Winnington, Barbara Witemayer, Wayne Wunderlich, Diana Wyatt, Alexandria Zander, Stefan Zielinski
Juan Medina, Tim Rosson, Antonia Shann, Amanda Thomas
Data management and publication
Development and publishing
Sarah Cox (Head of Dictionary Technology)
John Carmichael, Laura Elliott, Ande George, Julian Grosse, Ray Hawi, James Howes, Mike Monaghan, Andrew Peerless, Richard Sabido (Development/Technology Managers)
Yvonne Warburton (Online Project Manager)
Richard Akroyd, Glynis Baguley, Dan Barker, Nick Bourner, Katrina Campbell, Jane Few, Sophie Hazlewood, Phil James, Stuart Jenkins, Frank Keenan, John Keenan, Jonathan Kilgour, Blaise Machin, Barbara McGillivray, Ian Meikle, Kamel Nebhi, Lisa Pearce, Suzanne Pinnington, Linda Pratt, James Robineau, Chris Rust, Bobby Singh, Tommy Wareing, Ian Wright.
Lesley Blake, Philip Carter, Alan Cohen, Ben Coney, Mark Dunn, Jo Payne, Jane Windebank
Data capture and fixing
Kal Ahmed, Mironas Bitis, Vicky Buser, Sandro Cirulli, Paul Cleverley, Diane Diffley, Ismail El Maarouf, Fabiana Freitas, Roman Kutlak, Magdalena Lis, Oriol Mazariegos, Steven Siddle, Ed Smith, Dave Zach,
Freelance/temporary: Melissa Abbots, Charlotte Barrow, Fabienne Beaujean, Charles Blackmore, Gae Burchett-Vass, Hazel Clark, Aqeela Datoo, Janet Foot, Sally Francisco, Jonah Goodman, Martin Green, Sarah Iversen, Danielle Ivory, Christopher Kissane, Lorien Kite, Jennifer Linton, Adam Marshall, Richard Martin, Jessica Maybar, Patricia Moore, Rosemary Morlin, Graham Oliver, Emma Ruckley, Marcia Slater, Clare Taylor, Catherine Tennant, Tim Weekes, Marion Whalley, Anne Whear, Lorraine Whiting, Susan Wilkin, Roger Young
Marketing and sales
Susanna Lob (Sales and Marketing Director, Online Products)
Royalynn O’Connor (Online Product Director, US)
Hannah Baker, Clare Bebber, Chris Bennett, Paige Casey, Machteld de Waard, Pauline Dilworth, Helen Edgington, Angela Field, Sally Gough, Alison Hilton, Anita Joice, Jill Kaderly, Anne Kail, Paul Kelly, Kirsty Lewis, Georgina Malcolm, Lloyd Marsden, Nicola McDonough, Charlotte Moss, Ella Percival, Rosa Perez, Mike Perry, Adam Pulford, Jane Skober, Natalie Taylor, David Towsey, Barbara Walshe, Malie Lalor
Nicola Burton, Kirsty Doole, Juliet Evans, Kate Farquhar-Thomson, Chloe Foster, Julia Hall, Helen McManners, Christian Purdy, Kate Shepherd, David Swarbrick
Anabel Farrell, Jenny McMorris
Planning and administration
Gill Walker (Project Manager)
Jane Millar (Project Manager, Planning and Administration)
Jean-Pierre de Rosnay (Editorial Project Manager)
Julie Albrow, Iona Argyle, Valerie Bate, Cathy Bowden, Helen Bray, Margot Charlton, Carolyn Garwes, Jo Gay, Jane Jakeman, Rena Jones, Eleanor Kowol, Bridget Morris, Scarlett Nash, Sarah Pelling, Julieanne Porter, Alice Roberts, Rosemary Roberts, Jenny Stanley, Julia Swannell, Ursula Warnecke
Freelance/temporary: Kathy Andersen, Mary Burns, Harriet Dykes, Michael Hurrell, Gladys Pepler, Justin Tackett, Clare Todd
Additions series staff and contributors
This section will soon host the full text of the Editorial Staff pages from the Additions Series Volume 1. You can also view the original as a PDF.
This section will soon host the full text of the Editorial Staff pages from the Additions Series Volume 2. You can also view the original as a PDF.
Supplements staff and contributors
1933 Supplement: staff and contributors
Dr C. T. Onions, Sir William Craigie
H. J. Bayliss, J. W. Birt, Miss E. S. Bradley, Miss E. V. V. Clark, Mrs Heseltine, Miss E. A. Lee, W. J. Lewis, A. T. Maling, Miss D. E. Marshall, M. M. Matthews, Miss R. A. N. R. Murray, J. L. N. O’Loughlin, Mrs L. F. Powell, Mrs A. S. C. Ross, F. J. Sweatman, G. Watson, W. Worrall, J. M. Wyllie
Contributors, proof-readers, and researchers
C. W. Adams, Dr F. A. Bather, H. Bayles, Dr Max Born (Berlin), E. S. Brown, Dr R. W. Chapman, Mrs E. A. Coulson, Miss M. B. Cruickshank, Revd Dr W. Cruickshank, Revd F. G. Ellerton , C. A. Exley (Chicago), K. Foster, A. J. Fowler, D. Freeman, L. N. Feipel (Brooklyn), E. V. Gatenby (Fukushima, Japan), Edvard Giese (Copenhagen), H. W. Horwill, E. W. Hulme, Mrs A. J. Jenkinson, Revd J. B. Johnston, Dr E. H. Lendon, A. Lewis, G. G. Loane, Professor W. S. Mackie (Capetown), F. Madan, A. Matthews, H. J. R. Murray, Revd. T. G. Phillips (Isle of Man), H. F. Rutter, Professor H. L. Savage (Princeton), Dr A. B. A. Scott, W. B. Shaw, K. Sisam, Dr L. J. Spencer, E. V. Stocks (Durham), L. R. M. Strachan, Dr E. H. Sugden, Dr A. E. H. Swaen (Amsterdam), M. Venkanah (Vizianagram, India), J. M. Watt, Miss E. G. Withycombe
Sir Richard Burn, L. G. Carr Laughton, Dr J. Chadwick, R. P. Dewhurst, G. R. Driver, Sir Arthur Eddington, Professor A. Findlay, Professor N. Forbes, Dr J. K. Fotheringham, Dr A. E. M. Geddes, R. F. Harrod, N. B. Jopson, Dr J. G. Milne, Lord Passfield, Lord Riddell, M. Shaw, Dr N. V. Sidgwick, Professor F. Soddy, Col. H. R. H. Southam, M. H. Spielmann, D. Suboti, Sir Ernest Swinton, Professor F. W. Thomas, Dr J. F. Tocher, Dr N. T. Walker, The Librarian of the India Office, The Superintendent of the Kew Observatory, The Directors and staffs of the Natural History Museum and the Royal Botanic Gardens, The Printer to the University of Oxford, The Secretary of the Zoological Society, The Editors of The Evening News, The Field, The Sketch, and The Stock Exchange Gazette
A Supplement to the OED: staff and contributors
Dr R. W. Burchfield, R. E. Allen, Wendy H. Archer, A. J. Augarde, J. P. Barnes, R. C. Beatty, D. B. W. Birk, Edith Bonner, Lesley S. Burnett, A. B. Buxton, Jill Cotter, E. C. Dann , Alana G. Dickinson, D. J. Edmonds, L. B. Firnberg, M. W. Grose, P. R. Hardie, G. D. Hargreaves, Joyce M. Hawkins, F. D. Hayes, A. Hodgson, Deborah D. Honoré, D. R. Howlett, A. M. Hughes, Betty Jennison, Elizabeth M. Knowles, M. A. Mabe, Deirdre McKenna, Rosamund E. Moon, G. Murray, R. C. Palmer, J. Paterson, Joan E. Pusey, Sandra Raphael, Rosemary J. Sansome, J. A. Simpson, Valerie Smith, Julia C. Swannell, J. B. Sykes, Della J. Thompson, W. R. Trumble, Anne Wallace-Hadrill, Yvonne L. Warburton, W. H. C. Waterfield, N. S. Wedd, E. S. C. Weiner, Frances M. Williams, Jelly K. Williams
P. J. Broadhead, Elizabeth Brommer, Jean H. Buchanan, Amanda J. Burrell, Katherine H. Emms, Joyce L. Harley, Peggy E. Kay, F. Kemp, Claire J. Nicholls, Adriana P. Orr, Gillian A. Rathbone, Veronica M. Salusbury, J. S. Wood
N. van Blerk, Gillian Bradshaw, P. E. Davenport, Jennifer Dawson, R. J. Dixon, Juliet Field, R. C. Goffin , Sally Hilton, E. A. Horsman, L. M. Matheson, Elizabeth Price, Marjorie Purdon, Phyllis Trapp
Clerical and secretarial staff
D. Ann Baker, Pamela Bendall, Joan Blackler, Beta Cotmore, Kathleen Johnston, Katherine A. Shock, Afra E. Singer, Karin C. E. Vines, Caroline Webb, Anne Whear
Outside researchers and assistants
Grace M. Briggs, G. Chowdharay-Best, Daphne Gilbert-Carter, R. Hall, Sally Hinkle, Rita G. Keckeissen, Betsy Livingstone, Marguerite Y. Offord, N. C. Sainsbury
Second Edition staff and contributors
Project Director: T. J. Benbow
Co-Editors: J. A. Simpson, E. S. C. Weiner
Editorial Co-ordinators: J. C. Swannell, Y. L. Warburton
Senior Editor (Science): A. M. Hughes (part-time)
Senior Assistant Editor: S. K. Tulloch
Assistant Editors: E. Bonner (part-time), E. C. Dann, P. M. Gilliver, J. Paterson, B. T. Paton
Editorial Assistants (freelance): V. Broughton, M. Harrington, V. Hurst, P. E. Rooke, J. R. Spencer
Integration Assistants: S. Chapman, H. Y. Clarke, L. C. Elliott, A. Gibson, C. Goodrick-Clarke, M. E. Hague, S. C. Rennie, J. S. Siddle, I. C. Watson
Administration Manager: C. S. Bennett
Secretary: S. Enjily (1984-6), S. Garrard (1986), K. C. E. Vines (1986-7), K. R. Manville (1987- )
Manager: A. R. Prescott (IBM) (1984-6), R. V. Sabido (1986-7), R. S. Hawi (1987- )
Chief Designer: J. P. Howes
D. B. Harrison (IBM), J. J. Cahill, M. F. Cowlishaw (IBM), J. M. A. Few, F. R. Kazman (University of Waterloo), R. B. Machin, A. M. Webb
L. V. Anada, M. Dite, E. F. Erbes, C. T. Midgley, J. A. N. Mostyn, P. Osman, R. Pryce
The following assisted with library research:
G. M. Briggs (Oxford), G. Chowdharay-Best (London), D. Gilbert-Carter (Washington), D. T. Hanks (Washington), S. Hinkle (Boston), D. D. Honoré (Oxford), R. Keckeissen (New York), M. Y. Offord (Oxford), A. P. Orr (Washington)
The following gave valuable editorial assistance:
V. Donaghy, A. Dubin, M. Dunkley, D. J. Edmonds, A. Emmans, C. Hart, R. Temple, J. Waller-Vintar, C. M. Weiner, A. Whear, L. Yeates
During the span of the project, the files of the Oxford Languages Department continued to benefit from the labours of the directed readers, the material submitted by voluntary readers, and the resources of independently compiled collections. In particular, it received from Mrs M. Moe a gift of a large collection of quotations relating to American English, compiled by her husband, the late Colonel A. F. Moe. Significant help was received from Mr D. Barnhart, Mr R. Barnhart, and Mr B. Garner. Notable contributors included Mr S. C. Boorman, Mr G. Charters, Mr G. Chowdharay-Best, Mr C. Collier, Mrs S. Fleming, Miss C. Graves Taylor, Mr. F. D. Hayes, Miss R. Mateer, Miss V. Painting, Sir Edward Playfair, Miss G. Rathbone, Mr F. R. Shapiro, Mrs K. Shock, Mr David Shulman, Mr E. Trehern, Dr P. J. Wexler, and Mrs J. K. Williams.
It is with the greatest sadness that the Co-editors record the death, in February 1988, of Miss Marghanita Laski, a steadfast friend of the OED and its Supplement over some thirty years; especially as she did not live to see the results of her work incorporated into the OED itself. The exact size of her written contribution will never be known, but has been estimated at a quarter of a million quotations.
The following consultants and critical readers assisted with the new vocabulary:
Dr M. J. Aitken, Dr R. E. Allen, Dr P. W. Atkins, Mr A. J. Augarde, Dr S. Bradbury, Dr J. Branford, Mr S. Brooks, Dr M. R. Bryce, Dr R. W. Burchfield, Mr P. Burnett , Miss P. Byrde, Sir Alec Cairncross, Dr R. Cammack, Professor F. G. Cassidy, Dr P. A. Charles, Dr D. Clark, Dr F. Close, Dr J. Clutton-Brock, Professor J. Cortés, Mr J. M. Cottis, Mr M. Cowlishaw, Professor G. N. C. Crawford, Dr D. S. Davies, Dr P. D. Dennis, Dr G. Furniss, Mr C. Gillett, Mr P. G. W. Glare, Dr I. Goddard, Mrs J. Gray, Mr P. S. Green, Mr M. W. Grose, Mr R. Hall, Mr P. R. Hardie, Dr R. Hardie, Mr A. Hawke, Mr R. E. Hawkins, Mr M. T. Heydeman, Mr T. F. Hoad, Mr A. G. Hodgkin, Mrs D. D. Honoré, Dr D. M. Jackson, Mr P. Jarrett, Dr Ann Jefferson, Dr R. Jones, Professor T. Kaufman, Dr W. J. Kirwin , Dr H. E. M. Klein, Professor K. Koike, Miss M. Laski, Professor J. D. Latham, Professor J. Leech, Professor B. Lennox, Dr G. Lewis, Mr A. Louth, Dr R. S. McGregor, Ms I. MacLeod, Professor J. B. McMillan, Dr L. V. Malakhovski, Dr F. H. C. Marriott, Dr K. Morgan, Dr C. Nic Phaidin, Mrs I. Opie, Dr W. S. Ramson, Mrs V. M. Richardson, Professor R. H. Robins, Dr D. A. Roe, Dr H. M. Rosenberg, Professor J. M. Rosenberg, Mr R. Russell, Professor N. G. Sabbagha, Mr R. Scruton, Mr D. L. F. Sealy, Mrs P. Simpson, Ms J. Smith, Dr J. R. Spencer, Professor E. G. Stanley, Mr A. J. Stevens, Dr J. Stubbs, Dr J. B. Sykes, Professor J. Tao, Professor G. Treitel, Dr W. R. Trumble, Mr G. W. Turner, Professor J. O. Urmson, Professor T. G. Vallance, Dr M. Weitzmann, Mr D. Willand, Mr J. Wilson, Mrs H. C. Wright, Mr B. Zephaniah, Dr R. D. Zorc
In addition to the members of the Advisory Council and the Editorial Board, the following gave valuable advice and help at various stages in the project:
Mr R. Beale, Mr E. Bodger, Dr L. Burnard, Mr R. Corwin, Mr E. O. V. Fletcher, Mr T. Hunt, Mr P. F. J. Luna, Mr J. Mackay, Mr A. Rosenheim, Dr W. R. Trumble, Mr L. Urdang, Mr N. S. Wedd, Mr R. Zich
The assistance of the following organizations was instrumental in the completion of this work:
The management of IBM UK Ltd., especially Mr J. W. Fairclough, Dr G. W. Robinson, Mr P. D. Wright.
The University of Waterloo Centre for the New OED, especially Professor G. Gonnet, G. Johannesen, Professor J. Stubbs, Professor F. W. Tompa.
The University of Oxford Phonetics Laboratory, especially its acting head, Dr I. Watson.
First Edition staff and contributors
A. This list contains the names of the principal readers before 1884; many of these began reading as early as 1858. The material which they contributed formed a great part of the main foundation on which the Dictionary was based. Under some of the names the number of quotations sent in is given, as an indication of the time and labour expended by many of these readers.
J. Amphlett, MA, W. J. Anderson (of Fife), G. L. Apperson (of Wimbledon, SW; 11,000), Col. R. D. Ardagh, Thomas Austin (165,000), Miss E. E. Barry (of London), Revd E. M. Barry, Mrs Bathoe (of London), A. Beazeley, CE (of Thornton Heath), Revd. W. H. Beckett, Revd. W. C. Boulter, Revd. G. B. R. Bousfield, BA, The Misses B. M. and L. Bousfield, Revd. S. J. Bowles, William Boyd (of USA), E. L. Brandreth, Prof. and Mrs Brandt (of USA), James Britten, FLS, The Misses E. and J. E. A. Brown (of Cirencester), Mrs Walter Browne (of Worcester), Dr T. N. Brushfield (50,000), R. K. Buehrle (of USA), Miss E. F. Burton (of Carlisle; 11,400), A. Caland (of Holland), Mrs G. M. E. Campbell (of Peckham), Dr R. S. Charnock, The Ven. Archdeacon Cheetham, (Dean) R. W. Church, Herbert Coleridge, Prof. A. S. Cook (of USA), J. M. Cowper (of Canterbury), Revd T. Lewis O. Davies, MA, Revd Cecil Deedes, MA, H. Dixon (of London), C. E. Doble, MA, William Douglas (of London; 136,000), Edward Dowden, Revd. J. Eastwood, Miss Eisdell (of Colchester), Mr and Mrs F. T. Elworthy, The Misses Elworthy, A. Erlebach, BA, H. A. Erlebach, BA, Revd. J. T. Fowler, DCL, W. Warde Fowler, MA, Miss A. Foxall (of Birmingham; 11,250), Dr F. J. Furnivall (30,000), W. Gee, jun. (of Boston, USA), H. Hucks Gibbs, MA (Lord Aldenham), The Hon. and Revd Kenneth F. Gibbs, Hon. Vicary Gibbs, W. F. Grahame (of Madras), C. Gray (of Wimbledon, SW; 29,000), Mrs C. Gray, Mrs T. H Green, Revd W. Gregor, MA, Revd. A. B. Grosart, Miss M. Haig (Mrs A. Stuart, of Edinburgh), Fitzedward Hall, DCL, W. C. Hazlitt, Dr H. R. Helwich (of Vienna; 50,000), T. Henderson, MA (48,000), S. J. Herrtage, James Hooper (of Norwich), J. D. Howell (of London), E. C. Hulme (of London), E. Wyndham Hulme (late of HM Patent Office), Miss Jennett Humphreys (of Cricklewood; 18,700), C. Mansfield Ingleby, Revd Aiken Irvine (of Ireland), Miss Eva Jackson (of Bishop’s Waltham), E. S. Jackson, MA (of Plymouth), P. W. Jacob (of Guildford), W. W. Jenkinson (of London), Revd. J. B. Johnston, BD, Revd. W. M. Kingsmill, MA, Revd. E. H. Knowles, Revd. W. Lees, MA (18,500), Miss Lees (of Reigate), Dr J. Wickham Legg, Dr R. J. Lloyd, Prof. A Lodeman (of USA), W. S. Logeman (of Cheshire), Revd. W. J. Löwenberg, MA, A. Lyall (of Manchester), Falconer Madan, MA, S. D. Major (of Bath; 16,000), Revd. A. L. Mayhew, MA, Dr W. C. Minor, Mrs Moore (of Addlestone), W. Moore (of London), Dr Richard Morris, Horace Moule, Revd C. B. Mount, MA, Mrs J. A. H. Murray (Lady Murray), H. J. R. Murray (27,000), E. T. R. Murray, J. M. Norman (of Crawley, Sussex), Cornelius Paine (of Brighton), E. Peacock (of Brigg), H. S. Pearson (of Birmingham), Revd C. W. Penny, J. Peto (of London), (Sir) W. M. Flinders Petrie, Prof. G. M. Philips (of USA), H. Phillips, Jun., Ph.D. (of USA), B. W. Pierson (of USA), Revd J. Pierson, DD (of USA; 46,000), (Sir) Frederick Pollock, LL D, Mr and Mrs G. H. Pope (formerly of Clifton), Revd C. Y. Potts, Dr R. C. A. Prior (11,700), Sir John Richardson, KCB, W. M. Rossetti, Mr and Mrs H. F. P. Ruthven, The Misses E. and G. E. Saunders (of Addlestone), G. A. Schrumpf, BA (of London), Adrian Scott (of USA), Miss F. E. Scott (of Leamington), G. R. Scott, MA, (Sir) Owen Seaman, A. Shackleton (of Birkenhead), Revd T. H. Sheppard, Prof. W. W. Skeat, LL D, Revd J. Smallpeice, Dr G. C. Moore Smith, Miss L. Toulmin Smith, T. C. Snow, MA, A. B. Sprange (of London), W. Barclay Squire (of London), (Sir) Leslie Stephen, Revd Dr C. W. Stocker, C. Stoffel (of Amsterdam), (Dr) E. H. Sugden, Revd W. D. Sweeting, Dr W. Sykes, Revd B. Talbot (of USA; 16,600), George Tansley (of London), The Misses Edith and E. Perronet Thompson (15,000), Alderman Joseph Thompson (of Manchester), Hon. Mrs L. Tollemache, Mrs Toogood (of Kirkby, Yorkshire), Revd J. T. Toye (of Exeter), Paget Toynbee, D.Litt, Richard Chenevix Trench, Revd Kirkby Trimmer, MA, Mrs L. J. Walkey (of Leamington), Miss P. Walter (of Somerset), J. L. Ward, MA (of Burnley), T. Ward (of Northwich), Dr W. W. Webb, Miss M. Westmacott (of London), Dr R. F. Weymouth, The Misses B. M. and R. Weymouth, Revd G. Wheelwright, Revd F. Gilbert White, G. H. White (of Torquay; 13,000), R. Grant White (of USA), R. J. Whitwell, B.Litt (33,000), Miss J. E. Wilkinson and Miss Gunning (of Cambridge), R.D. Wilson (of London), T. Wilson, MA (of St. Albans), Revd W.B.R. Wilson, MA (of Dollar), Miss Charlotte M. Yonge
B. A large number of those included in the above list continued to supply quotations for many years while the Dictionary was in progress. The readers given below began their work after 1884.
F. J. Amours (of Glasgow), Revd J. Bell, DD (of Auchtermuchty, NB), F. H. Butler (of London), W. J. Bryan (of Oxford), P. M. Campbell, C. H. Chadwick (of London), Miss Ellen Channon, Prof. Albert H. Chester (of USA), Revd Andrew Clark, MA, Miss Susan Cunnington, Miss Ada Dewick, B. W. Dexter, James M. Dixon (of Japan), Edward S. Dodgson, MA, John Dormer (of London), R. Duncan (of Crowthorne, Berks.), Revd Henry Ellershaw (of Durham), Miss Ellis (of Oxford), J. H. Everett, Miss E. Fowler (of Doncaster), Wendell P. Garrison (of USA), I. R. Gillespie (of Newcastle-on-Tyne), Miss Geraldine H. Gosselin (of London), Miss Hellier R. H. Gosselin (of London), Col. C. Gray (of London), H. F. Hall (of Oxford), J. D. Hamilton, R. Oliver Heslop (of Northumberland), Revd J. W. Hooper, MA, Alfred H. Huth (of Oxford), Miss Ingall (of Manchester), Albert Jacka, Miss Constance Jacob, George Joicey (of Gateshead-on-Tyne), (Sir) J. K. Laughton, R. E. Leader, Halkett Lord (of USA), L. Marcan, Albert Matthews (of USA), H. A. W. Millar (of Oxford), W. Payne (of Hayward’s Heath), Miss C. Pemberton (of Austria), James Platt, jun., Revd C. Plummer, Miss H. M. Poynter (of Oxford), Richard B. Prosser (of London), Mrs Rackham (of Cambridge), John Randall (of London), Dr W. H. D. Rouse, Abrm. Shackleton (of Birkenhead), H. F. M. Simpson (of Edinburgh), J. Challenor Smith (of London), Miss L. M. Snow, E. V. Stocks (of Durham), Miss E. H. Taylor (of Suffolk), John. J. Thompson, Miss S. M. Unwin, C. R. Wilkins, Miss Wilson (of London), Edward S. Wilson (of Hull), C. B. Winchester, W. N. Woods, BA (of London)
The sub-editing of the material falls into two periods, viz. that done under the direction of Dr Furnivall between 1862 and 1879, and that carried on during the years while the Dictionary was in course of publication. The following list gives the sub-editors of the later period, but it should be noted that some of these (e.g. H. H. Gibbs, W. M. Rossetti, Revd T. H. Sheppard, Revd J. Smallpeice) were also at work during the earlier years. For the earlier period mention should further be made of Revd W. P. Bailey, Revd S. J. Bowles, Edward Dowen, W. Gee, jun. (of Boston, USA), W. F. Grahame, J. D. Howell, Revd Aitken Irvine, E. S. Jackson, Revd E. H. Knowles, Revd J. E. Middleton, Richard Morris, Horace Moule, Revd A. S. Palmer, Revd Ralph Proud, C. W. Staunton, Dr W. Woodham Webb, Revd G. Wheelwright, G. A. White, Miss Charlotte M. Yonge. Most of these were also readers in the early history of the Dictionary.
W. J Anderson, portions of M and P (1880-1900), Revd G. B. R. Bousfield, BA, portions of F, G, and R, large part of W (1880-96), Walter Browne, portion of S (1881), Samuel Taylor, portion of H (1881-2), A. W. Longden, portion of H (1881-4), A. Lyall, portion of T (1881-5), Revd. T. H. Sheppard, BD, portion of M, the whole of U and V (1881-5), P. W. Jacob, portions of D, E, P, Q, R, and S (1881-6), T. Henderson, MA, portions of B and C (1881-7), T. Wilson, portions of I and T (1881-7), E. C. Hulme, portions of C and L (1881-90), Mrs L. J. Walkey, portions of D and W (1881-92), Revd W. B. R. Wilson, MA, portions of C, revised former sub-editing of T, most of V, and part of W (1881-1919), Charles Gray, portion of S (1882), Revd C. Y. Potts, portion of L (1882), W. Welch, portion of T (1882), F. T. Elworthy, portion of D (1882-3), Revd J. J. Smith, MA, portion of M (1882-3), Miss M. Westmacott, portion of T (1882-3), James Britten, FLS, portion of P (1882-4), H. H. Gibbs (Lord Aldenham), portions of C, the whole of K and Q (1882-4), H. M. Fitz-Gibbon, portion of H (1882-5), Revd W. Gregor, MA, the whole of J (1882-5), E. Warner, portion of L (1882-5), G. A. Schrumpf, portion of H (1882-6), H. S. Tabor, portions of I and W (1882-9), G. L. Apperson, portions of B and C (1882-91), Revd A. P. Fayers, BA, portions of B and N (1882-91), Mrs G. H. Pope, portions of C and N (1882-91), Revd J. Smallpeice, MA, portion of M, and X, Y, Z (1882-94), A. Sweeting, portion of T (1882-96), Revd W. H. Beckett, portion of W (1882-1901), Miss J. E. A. Brown, portions of B, C, D, and P, the whole of I (1882-1907), J. W. W. Tyndale, portion of D (1883-4), R. F. Green, portion of N (1883-8), A. Hailstone, portions of C and N (1883-90), Revd W. J. Löwenberg, MA, portions of O and P (1883-96), E. L. Brandreth, portions of G, H, and N, the whole of K (1883-1900), (Prof.) F. E. Bumby, portion of N (1884), W. M. Rossetti, portions of B and L (1884), Revd Prof. W. W. Skeat, portion of R (1884), Revd W. E. Smith, portion of D (1884), Dr Brackebusch, portions of B (1884-5), E. Gunthorpe, portions of A and B (1884-5), The Hon. and Revd S. W. Lawley, MA, portion of M (1884-5), Dr R. J. Lloyd, portion of H (1884-93), Revd C. B. Mount, MA, portions of A, B, C, D, and V, revised former sub-editing of J and the large part of P (1884-1908), Joseph Brown, MA, portion of M, revised former sub-editing of portions of S and U (1884-1914), Revd C. G. Duffield, portion of T (1885), Revd T. D. Morris, MA, portion of G (1885), Revd (Dr) E. H. Sugden, portion of I (1885-7), J. Peto, portions of C, F, and H (1885-92), Mr and Mrs W. Noel Woods, BA, portions of B, C, and H (1885-92), Miss M. Haig (Mrs A Stuart), portion of O (1885-93), R. M. M’Lintock, portion of P (1885-96), James Bartlett, BA, revised former sub-editing of G and portions of M, O, R, and S (1888-1908), Revd Canon R. Morris, DD, portion of I (1889-92), John Dormer, portions of D and S (1890-1906), Miss Edith Thompson, portion of C (1891), H. A. Nesbitt, BA, portions of N and O (1893-5), C. B. Winchester, revised former sub-editing of P, S, and V (1905-8), Mrs W. A. Craigie (Lady Craigie), revised arrangement of U (1917-18)
The names of these are here divided into three groups, indicative of the relative length of time during which they were engaged on the work. As will be seen from the dates given, those included in the first group were for many years members of their respective staffs, and by their knowledge and experience contributed immensely to the progress of the work. The staff to which each was attached is indicated by the initial letter of the editor’s name (M. = Murray; etc.).
Walter Worrall, BA (1885-1933; M., B., O.), A. T. Maling, MA (1886-1927; M., O.), C. G. Balk (1885-1913; M.), G. F. H. Sykes, BA (1885-1903; M., B.), W. J. Lewis (1889-1933; B., O.), F. J. Sweatman, MA (1890-1933; M., O.), H. J. Bayliss (1891-1932; B., C.), C. T. Onions, MA, D.Litt. (1895-1914; M., B.; 1914-Editor), L. F. Powell, MA, (1901-21; C.), J. W. Birt (1906-33; O.), George Watson, Hon. MA (1907-27; C.), Miss E. R. Steane (Mrs L. F. Powell) (1901-32; C., O.), Miss Rosfrith N. R. Murray (1902-29; M., C., O.), Miss Elsie M. R. Murray (Mrs R. A. Barling) (1899-1920; M, O.), Miss E. S. Bradley (1897-1932; B., O.).
G. R. Carline (B.), P. T. J. Dadley (O.), James Dallas (B., O.), Alfred Erlebach, BA (M.), (Dr) G. F. S. Friedrichsen (M.), R. Girvan, MA (C.), Dr A. B. Gough (M.), Miss I. B. Hutchen (C.), (Revd) A. H. Mann, MA (M.), (Dr) Hereward T. Price (M.), J. M. Ramsay, MA (C.), F. R. Ray (C.), (Revd) H. E. G. Rope, MA (M., C.), H. F. P. Ruthven (M.), A. R. Sewell (M., B.), J. H. Smithwhite, BA (C.), (Dr) E. J. Thomas (C.), Charlton Walker, BA (B.), F. A. Yockney (M., O.).
Revd Dr P. H. Aitken (M.), F. S. Arnold, MA (B.), T. Z. D. Babington, BA (M.), Dr E. Brenner (M.), W. J. Bryan (M.), (Prof) F. E. Bumby (M.), C. G. Crump, BA (M.), W. J. Fortune (O.), G. G. R. Greene, MA (M.), E. Gunthorpe (B.), Miss M. D. Harris (M.), S. J. Herrtage (M.), Revd J. B. Johnston, BD (M.), W. Landells (M.), Revd R. H. Lord, MA (M.), E. N. Martin (C., O.), G. F. Maxwell (C.), Revd George H. Morrison, DD (M.), Miss Hilda Murray, MA (M.), George Parker (M.), P. J. Philip (M.), M. L. Rouse (M.), Miss Scott (M.), H. R. Simpson (O.), K. Sisam, B.Litt., MA (B.), Miss Skipper (M.), E. E. Speight, BA (M.), S. A. Strong, MA (B.), (Prof.) J. R. R. Tolkien (B.), Miss A. M. Turner (B.)
4. Proof readers
The following lists give the names of those who, outside of the regular staffs, rendered valuable help by regularly reading the proofs and making suggestions and additions. Those in the first list continued this important service for many years, in some cases from the beginning, and in all cases down to the year of their death or to the completion of the work.
Dr Fitzedward Hall († 1901), H. Hucks Gibbs (Lord Aldenham) († 1907), Revd J. B. Johnston, BD, Revd J. T. Fowler, DCL († 1924), Miss Edith Thompson († 1929) and Miss E. Perronet Thompson, R. J. Whitwell, B.Litt. († 1928), Dr W. Sykes († 1906), F. J. Amours († 1906), A. Caland († 1910)
Prof. F. E. Bumby, G. R. Carline, Dr G. F. S. Friedrichsen, H. Chichester Hart, W. W. Jenkinson, Dr G. Ch. van Langenhove, Revd J. A. Milne, Russell Martineau, MA, Revd C. B. Mount, L. Pearsall Smith, MA, H. F. Rutter, Prof. W. W. Skeat, W. H. Stevenson, MA, Revd W. B. R. Wilson, MA
5. Other helpers
It would require several pages to give even a partial list of those who contributed separate items of information, either of their own accord or in reply to queries addressed to them. Special mention, however, should be made of a few authorities who, especially in the earlier years of the work, freely gave the editors the benefit of their special knowledge in their respective fields, e.g. Prof. Paul Meyer in Romanic Philology, Prof. E. Sievers in Germanic, Profs. W. W. Skeat and A. Napier in English, Prof. Sir John Rhys in Celtic, Sir Frederick Pollock in Law, and Prof. F. W. Maitland in History. For many years Mr James Platt supplied most of the material for the etymology of words from remote languages, with the dictionaries of which he had an unrivalled acquaintance.
Valuable service was also rendered by a succession of voluntary workers who verified doubtful quotations or references, and searched for special information, at the British Museum; prominent among these were Mr E. L. Brandreth, down to his death in 1907, his immediate successor in the field, Mr W. W. Jenkinson, and Mr R. J. Whitwell, who also did verification and research in the Public Record Office and for many years contributed much material of special value.
While similar verification and research in the Bodleian Library was done by several of the regular members of the Dictionary staffs, their work was greatly aided by the generous co-operation of the Librarian and staff of that institution, on which the constant demand for the requisite books has imposed a heavy burden for many years. The share of ‘Bodley’ in furthering the progress, and increasing the value, of the Dictionary is one that deserves to be gratefully remembered, and adds one more reason to those which have been given the name of ‘Oxford’ to a work that can no longer be described as ‘New’.
Readers and contributors from collections
Mrs J. M. Addenbrooke, N. S. Angus, R. A. Auty, Professor W. S. Avis, Dr E. de B. Barnett, C. L. Barnhart, D. J. Barr, Dr E. H. Bateman, G. Bennett, R. Bowen, Mrs R. C. L. Boxall, Professor W. R. G. Branford, Dr D. S. Brewer, P. J. N. Bury, Professor F. G. Cassidy, The Revd R. M. Carling, G. Charters, R. L. Cherry, G. Chowdharay-Best, C. Collier, G. A. Coulson, P. T. J. Dadley, Mrs N. Day, G. W. Dennis, A. H. Douglas , Professor Sir Geoffrey Driver, Mrs E. Duncan-Jones, Professor M. Eccles, E. H. Fathers, P. Ferriday, Mrs A. S. R. Gell, Mrs M. Gordon, W. Granville, D. Gray , Miss M. Gregory, G. Griffith, R. Hall, Mrs J. Harker, Mrs G. Hatton, Miss J. M. Hawkins, R. E. Hawkins, F. D. Hayes, Professor A. L. Hench, F. M. Henry, T. F. Hoad, Dom Sylvester Houédard, Dr M. D. W. Jeffreys, E. Jones, H. L. Jones, V. W. Jones, W. Kings, Miss M. Laski, Dr D. Leechman, Mrs J. Lindley, J. P. Lloyd, Dr J. Lyman, Mrs D. McColl, R. H. T. Mackenzie, W. S. Mackie, Professor J. B. McMillan, Mrs J. M. Marson, E. H. Mart, J. C. Maxwell, Miss A. Megroz, Dr F. Mish (G. & C. Merriam Co.), Mrs J. Morgan, J. L. Nayler, Mrs P. Norton, Mrs M. Y. Offord, G. B. Onions, Mrs E. Owen, M. B. Parkes, Miss E. Penwarden, W. S. Pierpoint, Sir Edward Playfair, W. S. Ramson, Mrs C. Record, Miss A. Redmayne, Miss F. E. Richardson, The Revd H. E. G. Rope, Miss L. L. Ross, Mrs S. Ross, Professor N. G. Sabbagha, Miss R. C. Salzberger, D. Scott, F. R. Shapiro, J. C. Sharp, Professor G. Shepherd, David Shulman, Mrs V. Sillery, Mrs B. M. D. Smith, Mrs M. W. Smith, Mrs V. Smith, Mrs G. M. Spriggs, C. N. Stewart, C. P. Swart, Miss E. Symons, D. H. Thomson, Dr T. R. Thomson, The Revd A. F. Thorpe, F. J. Tidd Pratt, Sir St Vincent Troubridge, N. van Blerk, J. Walker, Mrs C. Walton, Dr M. West, H. W. B. Wilson, Miss E. G. Withycombe, Dr L. S. Wittenberg, E. W. Whittle, A. M. Wood, J. D. A. Widdowson, Professor G. A. Wilkes, Dr H. B. Woolf (G. & C. Merriam Co.)
Dr G. E. H. Abraham, Dr G. C. Ainsworth, Professor A. J. Aitken, A. D. Alderson, Dr R. E. Allen, Dr P. W. Atkins, A. J. Augarde, Professor W. S. Avis, Professor J. R. Baines, Dr R. P. Beckinsale, Professor G. E. Blackman, Professor A. J. Bliss, Dr E. J. Bowen, Dr S. Bradbury, Dr J. Branford, Dr W. H. Brock, Professor T. Burrow, Dr R. S. Cahn, Sir Alexander Cairncross, Dr B. G. Campbell, H. Carter, J. Carter, Professor F. G. Cassidy, Miss Chan Yin-Ling, Dr P. A. Charles, M. J. E. Coode, Miss P. Cooray, Dr J. Cortés, Mrs J. Coulson, Dr S. T. Cowan, Professor G. N. C. Crawford, Professor C. D. Darlington, Professor N. Davis, Professor S. Deas, Professor E. J. Dobson, Miss J. Dobson, N. S. Doniach, Mrs U. Dronke, Professor A. R. Duckert, Dr R. D. Eagleson, P. G. Embrey, D. F. Foxon, Dr B. J. Freedman, R. B. Freeman, G. W. S. Friedrichsen, P. Fryer, M. P. Furmston, W. K. V. Gale, P. G. W. Glare, Dr I. Goddard, Professor G. H. Gonnet, W. Granville, P. S. Green, B. Greenhill, J. S. Gunn, Professor O. R. Gurney, Professor M. Guthrie, R. G. Haggar, R. Hall, Professor C. Hart, Dr R. M. Hartwell, Dr D. Hawkes, R. E. Hawkins, P. A. Hayward, Dr W. A. Heflin, Dr M. H. Hey, M. T. Heydeman, Professor E. (Carr) Holmes, Dr A. K. Huggins, Dr R. Hunter, Dr K. Islam, Dr D. M. Jackson, P. Jarrett, Dr Russell Jones, Dr D. Julier, D. Kahn, Dr N. R. Ker, Dr W. J. Kirwin, Professor K. Koike, Dr D. Lack, Professor J. D. Latham, Professor J. Leech, Dr D. Leechman, Professor B. Lennox, Dr G. Lewis, R. P. W. Lewis, J. P. Lloyd, Dr A. Loveless, Dr D. J. Mabberley, Professor R. I. McDavid, Jr., Dr R. S. McGregor, Professor J. B. McMillan, Dr C. I. McMorran, Dr T. Magay, Dr L. V. Malakhovski, Dr F. H. C. Marriott, R. D. Meikle, E. Mendelson, Professor G. B. Milner, P. A. Mulgan, D. D. Murison, P. H. Nye, Dr K. P. Oakley, Mrs I. Opie, P. Opie, M. B. Parkes, Dr A. B. Paterson, N. W. Pirie, Professor Dr I. Poldauf, N. G. Phillips, Capt. J. L. Pritchard, Professor C. Rabin, Mrs V. Richardson, Professor R. H. Robins, Dr D. A. Roe, Dr H. M. Rosenberg, Professor J. M. Rosenberg, Professor N. G. Sabbagha, K. S. Sandford, Dr H. G. A. V. Schenk, R. Scruton, J. S. G. Simmons, F. H. Smith, A. J. Stevens, Dr I. N. Stewart, Dr S. Stubelius, Dr W. C. Sturtevant, Dr C. H. V. Sutherland, Dr J. B. Sykes, P. Tamony, Associate Professor Tao Jie, Dr D. J. Thompson, J. B. Trapp, Professor G. Treitel, G. W. Turner, J. O. Urmson, Professor T. G. Vallance, N. van Blerk, Professor R. L. Venezky, Professor E. A. Vincent, Dr M. Weitzmann, The Revd Canon Professor M. F. Wiles, Dr D. R. Woodall, Dr D. Zorc
Professor A. R. Duckert, Dr. B. Foster, Professor A. L. Hench, M. W. Grose, T. F. Hoad, Mrs D. D. Honoré, Miss M. Laski, Mrs M. Y. Offord, Mrs L. W. Pauson, Mrs S. Ross, Professor E. G. Stanley, Dr K. Stubbs, Mrs H. C. Wright