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skive earlier than 1919

Bryn provided evidence of an earlier sense, which has now been dated to 1885.

One military slang word from the First World War which has become a core part of modern colloquial English in the UK is skive, meaning ‘to avoid work’. Our first quotation at present is from a 1919 magazine article, which lists ‘some of the most universal and expressive Army terms’: ‘To skive’, to dodge a […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 21 February 2014 15.23
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Comments: 5

Sam Browne (‘an officer’) earlier than 1919

Sam Browne belts, designed by Samuel James Browne and originally worn by commissioned army officers, were first used in the 19th century. From the term Sam Browne belt arose the U.S. military slang term […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 31 January 2014 15.03
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Comments: 6

Zeppelins in a cloud earlier than 1925

Bryn provided evidence from 1909.

Zeppelins, which were widely used for reconnaissance and bombing in the First World War, must have captured the imagination of soldiers, and one of the more colourful phrases originating in the war is ‘Zeppelins (or Zepps) in a cloud’ […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 31 January 2014 13.00
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Comments: 9

Eyetie earlier than Aug. 1919

One notable feature of the vocabulary of the First World War is the number of (often offensive) terms coined for soldiers of different nationalities. One of these is […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 30 January 2014 16.35
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tank earlier than 1930

Bryn provided evidence from 1918.

Military tanks were a major invention of the First World War: developed during 1915 and first put into commission in 1916, they immediately captured the interest of the public, and tank entered into numerous compounds and phrases. However, we have not found […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 30 January 2014 10.34
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Comments: 3

trench foot/mouth earlier than 1915/1917

Hugo provided evidence of ‘trench mouth’ from 1916.

The appalling conditions of the trenches caused various painful medical conditions, including trench foot (swelling and pain in the feet caused by prolonged exposure to damp and cold) and trench mouth (severe inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth). The earliest […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 29 January 2014 16.33
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Comments: 4

conchie earlier than Oct. 1917

Bryn provided an example from one day earlier.

The term ‘conscientious objector’, referring to a person who refuses to do something on the grounds of conscience, has been used since the 19th century, but it was not until 1916, with the introduction of conscription in the U.K., that it was used specifically […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 29 January 2014 15.39
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Comments: 1

streetcar (‘a shell’) any evidence

In 1950, the novelist Raymond Chandler wrote in a letter to Hamish Hamilton: ‘Doesn’t he [i.e. Eric Partridge, the author of many slang dictionaries] overlook some of the most commonly used words of soldier-slang? E.g…”street cars” or “tram cars” for heavy long range shells.’ […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 29 January 2014 11.49
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Comments: 4

demob earlier than 1919

Fred Shapiro and Hugo provided evidence from earlier dates in 1919.

The term ‘demobilization’, referring to the release of troops from military service at the end of a war, has been in use since the 19th century, but the abbreviated form demob seems to have been used only since the end of the […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 29 January 2014 8.44
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Comments: 11

jusqu’auboutiste earlier than Sept. 1917

Bryn provided evidence from 1916.

The term jusqu’auboutiste, referring to a person who advocates carrying on a conflict ‘jusqu’au bout’, or until the bitter end, was used […]

Posted by OED_Editor on 28 January 2014 19.42
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Comments: 2